Be greeted in the virtual Mercedes Museum. We will try to give you an overview of the most important stages of the history this highly traditional brand.
This is a forerunner of the 'longcase clock', the first evidence that a compact, lightweight engine with 600 rpm was possible, even though it only supplied 0.18 kW (0.25 hp) at 176 cm ³ at the beginning.
The so-called "Reitwagen" (riding car) with its 250-cc engine and 0.4 kW (0.5 HP) is considered as the first motorcycle. The speed could be 6 or 12 km/h. The riding car was hard to steer through curves because of the support wheels. The two large wheels front and rear offered no spring system. Under the leather seat, it could be very hot.
Daimler and Maybach had fiddled for a long time until the hot-tube ignition also harmonized with the first fast running petrol engine and now the time has come to apply for a patent.
This is a very normal carriage purchased by Gottlieb Daimler in which he built-in his engine together with Wilhelm Maybach, and so created the first four-wheeled vehicle with combustion engine.
Here the single cylinder operated with 0.74 kW (1 HP) with 11 km/h. Therein four people had place.
The first motor car in the world could also be operated by women's hand. It had one liter displacement and nearly 1 HP. 15 km/h were possible.
Here again the Benz tricycle with single cylinder lying. Karl Benz had difficulties with the steering, so only one wheel front. The engine was started via the flywheel and it was possible to select two speeds via the belt drive. In principle, the car then drove always with the same 'accelerator pedal position'.
Here, the gasoline engine with just 500 cc and 0.8 kW (1.1 HP) is installed in a handcar (small rail vehicle), the reached approximately 20 km/h.
The half-liter single-cylinder powered with 0.8 kW (1.1 HP), the first airship in the world. The Daimler star has three tips for locomotion by land, sea and in the air.
The first V-engine in the world and also the first multi-cylinder, developed from the single cylinder. 565 cc total displacement resulted in 1.1 kW (1.5 HP) even at 700 rpm.
The first four-wheeled car with a combustion engine was a converted carriage. This car here was the second experiment, in which the V2 engine was already significantly better integrated into the chassis. Under the name 'Stahlradwagen' it and its actual initiator Wilhelm Maybach have been famous.
This is a kind of narrow-gauge tram which is driven by the V2 increased more than 1 liter with 1.5 kW (2 HP).
This Benz is to be female and named 'Victoria' (victory) because Benz had finally succeeded a two lane front axle. It was the first profitable series car in the world and in principle remained in the program for seven years.
These are not really four cylinders in line, but still a long time at many manufacturers two times two, take a look at the crankcase. They had difficulties with larger castings. But even so, there were 2.4 l 4.3 kW (5.9 HP).
The vehicle still had a cylinder with good one liter displacement and 2 kW (2.75 HP). So that the Velo of Benz 'ran' up to 25 km/h. No exhilarating values, but the durability and reliability counted more and led to European sales successes. Benz was significantly more successful than the Daimler Motorenwerke until the turn of the century. Then it changed ...
This is a replica of the first two buses of the world, built by Benz. The cylinder had 2.7 liter displacement and made 3.7 kW (5 HP). Although the vehicles managed maximal 20 km/h , it is not proven, because they were used in the hilly terrain in the Siegerland.
This is a typical vehicle of the Daimler Maschinenwerke at this time. The engine is, rear reasonably well integrated, via belt drive connected to the rear axle. No front steering knuckles, but a turntable by type of carriages. But it was only the Phoenix two-cylinder, which the heavy vehicle had to keep on going. 07/13