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Citroen

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1949 2 CV Engine
1949 2 CV
1947 H-type
1934 Traction Avant
1932 Rosalie
1931 Chenilette
1923 Type C
1922 5 CV Trefle
1919 Type A



  CitroŽn Type H



EngineIn-line four-cylinder
Displacement1911 cm≥
Valves2 per cylinder
Cooling systemWater
Performance26 kW (35 HP)
Rated speed3500 rpm
Drive trainLongitudinal engine with front-wheel drive
TransmissionThree-speed
Wheelbase2518 mm
Suspension f/rIndependent (wheel) suspension, torsion bars
Brakes f/rDrums
Length4263 mm
Width1997 mm
Height2300 mm
Payload850 kg
Maximum speedApprox. 80 km/h
Construction period1947 - 1981


If you happen to have already clicked on the sixth picture above, you'll be taken aback. This can not be the underbody of the van from image 1. The riddle is solved when we know that the type H was developed of the 11 CV and the bottom group is shown in figure 6. The only significant change is the location of the engine which at the delivery van is placed by reasons of space rotated by 180į of the front axle. Maintained the independent wheel suspension and torsion bar springs that give the vehicle a then for the time incomparably deep floor. And thus closes the circle, because the rear part of the underbody is already very close the type of H.

Do not be misled by the corrugated iron sheet only to negative comments about the design, because it has tangible benefits. The car can significantly lighter be built as its colleagues, because the thinner sheet thus achieved the same stability. If it had been given even a bit more sound insulation and better production it would not have been topped as the ideal of a space-saving van.

Behind almost every detail is a lot of consideration. Look at the doors. Not the suicide door on the driver's side, although it is very practically. Open the rear sliding door on the other side and first the openings rear. Neither flap alone, or doors alone, but both. How many variations are then the result for the transport of particularly long goods?

The technical data above are only for the master model. It is almost impossible to show in this page the numerous varieties including the (subsequent) HY and HZ types depending on the load. The partly parallel development of the engine with the ID and the introduction of different diesel engines should be mentioned, too. There are also different wheelbases and a lot of special body structures of different body factories. The type H becomes a face of France and there to the most successful in its category. It can even frighten tourists a little, for in black-white look it worked long time for the French police.



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