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Volvo history
2015 XC 90 Twin Engine
2014 XC 90
2014 Engines
2013 V40 Cross Country
2013 XC 60
2013 V60 Plug-In-Hybrid1
2013 V60 Plug-In-Hybrid2
2012 V60 Plug-In-Hybrid
2012 C30 Electric
2012 V 40
2011 S 80
2010 V 60
2008 XC 60
2007 C 30
2006 C 70
2004 XC 90
2002 S 60
1997 C 70
1990 960
1987 440
1985 480 Turbo
1985 760
1985 780
1982 340
1976 P 262 C
1977 P 244
1968 P 1800 ES
1968 P 164
1967 P 145
1960 P 1800
1958 PV 544
1956 PV 121 Amazon
1956 P1900
1947 PV 444
1937 PV 52
1927 ÖV 4

  Volvo 960

EngineIn-line six-cylinder
Displacement (bore*stroke)2922 cm³ (83,0 mm * 90,0 mm)
Compression ratio10,7 : 1 (petrol)
Engine controlDOHC, toothed belt
Mixture preparationMulti-point injection, Lambda control
Torque267 at 4300 rpm
Performance150 kW (204 HP) at 6000 rpm
Drive trainFront engine, longitudinal, rear drive
Transmission4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2.770 mm
Front suspensionMcPherson
Rear suspensionMulti link
BrakesDiscs, front ventilated
Wheels195/65 R 15 (6")
Length4.870 mm
Width1.750 mm
Height1.410 mm
Tank capacity80 litres
Payload460 kg
Kerb weight1.550 kg incl. driver/in
Maximum speed210 km/h
Purchase priceFrom 67,500 DM

Nowadays, there are still Volvo drivers, who are not impressed with the modern, streamlined Volvo. They are enthusiastic about the earlier models, in which they could transport their whole, extensive leisure-time equipment. Of course, this praise is aimed mainly at the wagon station. More about this below.

Here, we have purposely shown the saloon version, because this is what inflamed the opinions at that time. So much so, that Volvo themselves, made any number of pictures of the 940/960 available, indeed, there wasn't one rear view shot of the saloon among them. Still, one should be careful when accusing the company of being excessively conservative, after all, at that time Mercedes had the 124, and as far as car-body design was concerned, that certainly wasn't particularly exciting.

The '9' was new at Volvo. It stood for a new model, which was valid for the rear-end but not necessarily for the front. Indeed, up to then Volvo hadn't had an engine like this. The previous engine was a co-production with the French manufacturers. This time, Volvo themselves had developed, with help from Porsche, a straight six-cylinder. The result certainly brought in good marks, even though the twin camshafts simulated more sportiness than was possible with this cubic capacity and respectable curb-weight.

So far the explanation for the number '60' in the model designation. Respectively, the '40' meant a straight four-cylinder, which by the way, had a cast-iron- instead of an aluminium block. Indeed, the difference didn't end there. The buyers of the entry-level model had to be satisfied with the tried and tested but very simple for a car like this, rigid axle, whereas the six-cylinder was fitted with a multi-link axle. The automatic transmission of the six-cylinder had four speeds and was much more modern, the four-cylinder only had a three-speed automatic or a four-speed manual gearbox.

The engineers at Volvo have earned themselves a name as experts for safety, Over and over again, have they come close to Mercedes. One detail in the 940/960 should be mentioned here: The rear child-seat for three to ten year olds, which was virtually integrated into the widened arm rest. It could be had as an optional extra and protected by means of a three-point seatbelt, which was available for the passenger in the middle anyway.

Although the already mentioned station-wagon gave the impression of being much longer than the saloon, it was in fact, only about 3 centimetres longer. The station-wagon was so popular, e.g., in Germany, that it was offered until 1998, whereby the saloon, disappeared from the market somewhat earlier. The rear-end of the station-wagon also made a more harmonious impression here. By the way, the 900-series marked the end of a long tradition of rear-wheel drive Volvos. 06/15