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History (short)
Hybrid Principle
Fuel Cell Technology

2016 Prius
2016 RAV4
2015 Auris
2014 Yaris
2014 TS 040 Hybrid
2014 Mirai - FCV
2014 Aygo
2014 50 Years Corolla
2014 Land Cruiser
2013 RAV4
2013 i-Road
2012 Aygo
2012 Prius Plug-in
2012 GT86
2011 Hilux
2010 Verso S
2010 Auris
2009 Land Cruiser
2009 Avensis
2009 Verso
2008 IQ
2006 RAV4
2005 Aygo
2003 Prius II
2000 Avalon
2000 MR 2
1999 Celica
Hybrid drive 1
Hybrid drive 2
1994 RAV4
1993 Supra
1989 Celica
1986 Supra
1982 Supra
1980 Celica
1979 Crown
1978 Celica TA 40
1977 Cressida RX 30
1976 Celica
1971 Crown
1965 Sports 800
1962 Crown
1936 AA Sedan

  Toyota TS 040 Hybrid

Toyota TS 040 Hybrid - Le Mans 2014
EngineV eight-cylinder
Displacement3.700 cm³ (petrol engine)
Electric motors353 kW (480 HP) in boost mode
Electricity storageMaximum 1,67 kWh
Performance382 kW (520 HP)
Drive trainCombustion engine/E midsized engine,
E front-engine
SuspensionDouble wishbone
Length4.650 mm
Width1.900 mm
Highest average243 km/h
Year of manufacture2014
PredecessorTS 030 Hybrid

Of course one had to slap the little word 'Boost' on the heavily peddled 1000 HP, or 735 kW, indeed, only if the Super-Condensers in this hybrid-racing-car have taken in enough electric energy. The question still remains, whether the batteries are too heavy or too slow in taking on, or delivering energy.

Nevertheless, the TSO 40 was very much the 2014 Le Mans favourite. After all, it had won the first two races of the series and held the pole position. Indeed, this doesn't mean much, because of all races, this one is four times longer than the rest.

In addition, there are the regulations concerning the maximum consumption, which this year, has to be 25% lower than it was last year. Thereby, the lap-times are in fact, slightly faster. If the consumption, over three laps, is higher than that stipulated by the stewards, the team will be hit by severe penalties.

The various set-ups of the three main competitors is interesting. As before, Audi is counting on the Diesel-engine, Porsche on the petrol-driven Turbo and Toyota on the free-aspirated petrol-engine. Now, because petrol contains less energy than Diesel does, Porsche and Toyota are allowed to use 13% more volume-units.

Indeed, because the Diesel-technology weighs approx. 40 kg more than the petrol engines, Audi can only allow themselves 2 MJ (Mega-Joule) for recuperation, Toyota and Porsche 6 MJ. To get back to the 735 kW, purely as a calculated value, with the 1,67 kWh (6 MJ), the 353 kW electric motors can be used at full power for just 17 seconds.

Thus, for the remaining 3 minutes and 22 seconds, as the fastest lap done by the TSO 40, 'only' 382 kW (520 HP) is left over. Thereby of course, the lap-times during long-distance races, particularly during the night, cannot be compared with the fastest overall lap-times.

Now, how did all this work out? The two Porsche 919s which probably had the highest top-speed and held the most promising positions, had to resign because of engine or gearbox problems. Toyota, stricken by electronics problems and accidents, crossed the line in third place this time, behind two Audis.

Undoubtedly the race in Le Mans is the most important in relation to the other seven. But still applies that the may call 'world champion' the leads in the overall standings at the end and that's after all the TS040 Hybrid Toyota for the season 2014 ... 07/14