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Video Romain Coach
Video First Motor Vehicle
Video Stream Carriage
Video Steam Engine 1
Video Steam Engine 2
Video Steam Engine 3
Video Steam Locomotive
Video Steamship
Video Atm. Gas Engine
Video Otto Engine
Video Daimler
Video Benz
Video Maybach
Video Horch
Video Ettore Bugatti
Video First Truck
Video First V-engine
Video First Motor Vehicle
Video Robert Bosch 1
Video Robert Bosch 2
Video First Four-wheeler
Video Rudolf Diesel 1
Video Rudolf Diesel 2
Video Diesel engine
Video Pas. Car Diesel Eng.
Video Transmission
Video First Motorcycle
Video Lighting History
Video Rotary Engine
Video Jet Engine
Video Stirling Engine
Video Classic V-8-engine
Video Classic 5-in-line Engine
Video Centrifugal Governor
Video Contact-breaker Point
Video Carburetor
Video First Fuel Pump
Video Var. Transmission
Video Single-circuit Brake
Video Pendulum Suspension
Video Front-wheel Drive


          A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Developement of companies
    producing cars and accessories


Most of the companies producing engine-driven vehicles or their sub-contractors, emerged after the invention of the tricycle by Carl Benz and the motor carriage by Daimler and Maybach. However, there were even earlier, some involved in the building of carriages, steam- and electric vehicles.





Below each year, is the highest price, at the time, for one liter of premium petrol in Germany (converted to Euro cents), below the production figures in Germany in millions ...
2012
160 ct
Due to China and USA market: VW +15,8 bn, Daimler +6 bn (6% yield), BMW +4,9 bn, Porsche+1,46 bn (13% yield), because of (South) European crisis: Minus at Ford, Fiat, PSA and Opel -0,5 bn, (Bochum once 20.000 now 3200), VW now holds approx. 73% common shares MAN, 7% PSA -> GM, stop production in Western Europe (Mitsubishi), China takes over even the 5th German automotive supplier, who wants to sell in China must produce there at 30% import duty
2011
152 ct
5,87
Worldwide sales: 1. GM, 2. VW, 3. Toyota, VW + 7,2 bn, Daimler +4,7 bn, BMW + 3,2 bn, Porsche +1,21 bn, Germany: about 52 million cars (about 2 million SUVs), of which about 14 million VW Group, 5,2 million Opel, Ford 3,4 million BMW 3,1 million, Hyundai's largest more winner, Renault's largest importer, average age of cars around 8.5 years (D), Audi overtakes Mercedes, Pkw-USA: 4% hybrid, 2% diesel, 1 million German cars, VW pays € 3.4 billion for approximately 56% of MAN, U.S. engine factory (Daimler + Infiniti/Nissan)
2010
140 ct
5,9
70% of GM -> US-Government, in China each year 7 million new cars
2009
120 ct
5,2
Euro 5 for passenger car diesel engines, Chrysler (35%) -> Fiat, 41.3 million cars (D)
2008
155 ct
6,05
Automobile production: 1. Toyota, 2. GM, 3. VW
The price of one barrel of oil reaches almost $150, the price of one liter, over $1 (€ 0,70, US), death of Pininfarina-successor, Jaguar -> Tata (India), automobile production: 80 companies (40 countries), 69 m tot, 12 million commercial vehicles, 46.6 million cars (D)
2007
133 ct
6,2
Seatbelt use-rate 95%, approx. 5000 road deaths per year (D), Daimler sells the majority to Chrysler -> Daimler AG, Aston Martin (Ford -> investment group), one liter of normal petrol 0,8 - 1 Dollar (US), (US), one barrel of crude-oil (159/liter) crosses the 100-Dollar-mark, EU plans max. CO2-emission of 120 g/100km until 2012, increased discussions about the climate change, Al Gore is awarded the Nobel prize, price of a liter of premium € 0,17 (Qatar), vehicle production: 72 million, 46.6 million cars (D)
2006
129 ct
OBD for utility vehicles, Mercedes R-Class, vehicle production: 67.6 million, 46.1 million cars (D)
2005
122 ct
5,76
250 million cars (VW, D), vehicle documents -> EU-standard, Mercedes B-Class, separation of GM - Fiat, petrol-price in S-Arabia: € 0,13/liter, world:> 850 million vehicles, production: 64.7 million
2004
114ct
5,57
BMW 1xx, Seat Altea, BMW K 1200, MZ 1000 S, Daewoo -> GM, Aprilia -> Piaggio, MV -> Proton, vehicle production: 63 million, 45.4 million cars (D)
2003
109 ct
5,5
1. GM 8,6 million
2.
Toyota 6,8 million
3.
Ford 6,7 million
Total: 59,2 million
300 million Fords, 1600 filling stations for bio-Diesel (D), Porsche Carrera GT, Rolls Royce -> BMW, Lamborghini Gallardo, Ducati 999, 44,7 million vehicles (D)
2002
105 ct
4,47
One barrel of oil $26, Hummer 2 (GM, US), motor cycles V max. 299 km/h (manufacturer, D), Honda (MOT approved fuel cell vehicle, J), prototype 1 liter-car (VW, D)
2001
103 ct
5,69
370 billion DM turnover (automobile industry, D), every seventh job is dependent on the automobile industry (D), Alfa 147, Suzuki GSX 1400, GM + AvtoVAZ (joint venture, Russia), Guzzi + Laverda -> Aprilia, Derbi (E) -> Piaggio (I), car production: 55 million, 43,8 million vehicles (D)
2000
102 ct
5,5
EOBD for the Otto-engine, Euro 3 for Diesel car engines, national registration letter/s in the number plate (EU), Peugeot (Diesel-particle-filter), motor car Diesel share approx. 33% (D), Euro-drivers licence, BMW Z8, Saab -> GM, car production: 57,7 million, 42,8 million vehicles (D)
1999
87 ct
5,69
VW pump-nozzle-TDI, hybrid drive standard production (Honda), BMW X5, Seat Leon, Delphi Automotive Systems, Suzuki (Hayabusa, SV 650), Renault + Nissan, Daimler + Chrysler + Mitsubishi (34%), Fiat ~ GM, Maserati -> Ferrari
1998
81 ct
5,73
175 HP-production motorcycle, Top nearly 300 km/h (Suzuki, J), Alfa 156, Honda Varadero 1000, Daimler + Chrysler, Lamborghini -> VW, Bentley -> VW
1997
85 ct
5,02
A-Class (DB, D), BMW Z-3, Toyota Prius I, 100-HP-limit (motorcycles) canceled, Klöckner-Humbold-Deutz -> Deutz AG, Maserati -> Fiat
1996
83 ct
4,84
250 million cars (Ford, US), Porsche Boxster, Ferrari 550 Maranello, Jaguar XK8, MZ -> Hong Leong
1995
79 ct
4,67
Joint Venture GM - Shanhai Automotive Industry Corporation, Ferrari F50, Suzuki Bandit 600, car production: approx. 50 million, 36,3 million cars (D)
1994
80 ct
Peugeot 806, Ferrari 355, McLaren F1, Aston Martin last 25% -> Ford, Lamborghini -> Megatech
1993
71 ct
4,03
Emission inspection, VW TDI, Fiat Punto, Lamborghini Diabolo, Aston Martin DB 7, BMW F 650, Honda CB 500
1992
72 ct
5,19
VW T4, Jaguar XJ, Chrysler Viper (V10, US), V-12 Bugatti, KTM-Enduro
1991
68 ct
5,03
Bugatti EB 110, BMW K 75, New Holland N. V., joint Venture GM - Toyota, Škoda partially -> VW, VW + Ford -> Sharan-Galaxy
1990
61 ct
4,98
The end of the Citroen 2CV, the end of the Trabant, Honda NSX, Lamborghini Diablo, Aprilia Pegaso, Cosworth -> Vickers, Maserati -> Fiat, car diesel share approx. 11% (D), car production: 46,5 million, 35,5 million vehicles (D)
1989
58 ct
4,85
Super Plus petrol (D), Mazda MX-5, Nissan 300 ZX, Jaguar -> Ford, Saab 50% -> GM, Austin off the market, Yamaha FZR 600, Kawasaki ZXR 750, Ducati 900 Supersport
1988
50 ct
4,63
Jaguar XJ 220, BMW Z1, Honda Gold Wing
1987
52 ct
4,63
7-series BMW also with twelve-cylinder engine, Ferrari F40, Lamborghini -> Chrysler, Aston Martin 75% -> Ford, Puch -> Piaggio
1986
54 ct
4,58
Lead-free petrol (D), Toyota Supra, Paso 750 (Ducati), Seat -> VW, Alfa Romeo -> Fiat, Innocenti + Maserati, world: 350 million motor vehicles, production: 44 million, 27,2 million cars (D)
1985
73 ct
4,44
Audi NSU Auto Union AG, Bosch + Intel (CAN-Bus technology), Lamborghini Countach, Suzuki GSX 750, exhaust special inspection, 25,2 million vehicles (D)
1984
71 ct
4,05
Saab 9000, Ferrari Testarossa, Nissan (Datsun, J), Suzuki GSX-R 750, Ducati -> Caviga
1983
71 ct
4,15
Fiat Uno, Chevrolette Corvette, BMW K 100, Mazda rotary with turbo charger, Comité Européen du Commerce et de la Réparation Automobile (EU)
1982
71 ct
4,06
Daewoo 50% -> GM, Autobianchi off the market, Renault Espace, the end of Bristol (GB), Quad (Suzuki, J)
1981
73 ct
3,9
The end of Mercedes 600, Lamborghini Jalta, Maserati Biturbo, GM + Suzuki
1980
61 ct
3,89
Audi Quattro, VW convertible stopped, Fiat Panda, Lancia Delta, Cadillac Seville, Suzuki GSX 1100 S Katana, 23,2 million cars (D)
1979
52 ct
4,25
Mercedes S-class, BMW M1, VW-transporter Type 3, Lancia + Autobianchi + Abarth + Ferrari (50%) -> Fiat
1978
47 ct
4,17
Audi 80, BMW M1, Fiat Ritmo, Saab 900, Aston Martin Lagonda, Mazda RX-7, Chrysler-Talbot -> Peugeot
1977
47 ct
4,1
Saab -> cars turbo charged Audi Avant, Porsche 928, end of the Ro 80, Moto Guzzi V50
1976
49
ct/l
Limiting of consumption in car-pools (US), Ford Fiesta, VW Golf GTI + Diesel, VW Polo, Porsche 924, Ferrari 512, the end of Jensen, Lada Niva, the end of Wolseley, the end of ISO, Lauda has a serious accident (Nürburgring, Ferrari-F1)
1975
46
ct/l
VW Polo, VW-Beetle with fuel injection and catalyser (US), VW LT, Mercedes 450 SEL 6,9, Lamborghini Countach, Ferrari 308, Maserati -> De Tomaso, Innocenti -> De Tomaso, DAF -> Volvo, DeLorean Motor Company
1974
46
ct/l
VW Golf I + Scirocco, Porsche 911 Turbo, petrol price rises to 0,42 € (D), Lamborghini Countach, Citroen -> Peugeot
1973
39
ct/l
Driving restrictions, for 111 days a speed limit of 100 km/h (D), 0,8 per mille blood-alcohol limit (D), VW Passat, the end of Karmann Ghia, DAF-truck with turbo charger und intercooling, Fiat X 1/9, Lotus Esprit, BMW R 90S, Moto Guzzi -> De Tomaso
1972
36
ct/l
Proportion of seat belt users 5%, approx. 20.000 road deaths annually (D), 15 million production record of the Model -T Ford is equalled (VW-Käfer, D), BMW-Motorsport GmbH, TVR 3000 (GB), Panther (GB), two-cyl. motorcycles from Ducati, Suzuki GT 750, Innocenti -> British Leyland, Benelli -> De Tomaso
1971
34
ct/l
18 million vehicles, 15,1 million of those are motor cars (D), GM builds the moon-car, Hanomag -> Daimler-Benz, Simca -> Chrysler, Isuzu 34% -> GM, Abarth -> Fiat, Alfasud, Maserati Bora, Lamborghini Urraco and the prototype Countach, Nürburgring rebuilt
1970
33
ct/l
Traffic regulations revised (D), Mazda with a rotary engine, Range Rover (the first SUV), Mini- all-wheel drive vehicle(Suzuki, J), Citroen SM, Alfa Romeo Montreal, De Tomaso Pantera, Mazda RX 2 (rotary, J), 50% Ferrari -> Fiat, more than 100 million vehicles registered (US), Lada ("Liebchen", replica of the Fiat 124, Togliatti, UdSSR)
1969
33
ct/l
Moon landing Apollo 11 (Armstrong, US), production of the Goggomobil stops, Ford Capri, Peugeot 504 Cabrio, Citroen Ami 8 (rotary engine, F), Riley -> BMC, Iso Grifo, Datsun 240 Z, Ferrari/Fiat Dino, BMW R75, NSU -> VW, De Tomaso -> Ford, Saab - Scania
1968
34
ct/l
48.000 filling stations (BRD), Opel GT, the end of the Amphicar, Renault Alpine, Maserati Indy, Morgan Plus 8 (GB), Ferrari Daytona, Mazda-Coupe with rotary engine introduced, Honda CB 750, Maserati -> Citroen, BMW-factory (South Africa)
1967
34
ct/l
NSU Ro 80 with twin chamber-rotary engine, Sweden changes to driving on the right hand side of the road, death of Ledwinka, Mercedes 280 SE, VW-transporter Type 2, Wartburg with new coachwork, Panhard-Levassor -> Citroen, Monteverdi (CH), the end of Alvis, Aston Martin DB S, Pontiac Firebird, 100 million vehicles (GM, US), Germany imports from Japan (Honda 600/800)
1966
31
ct/l
1600-2-Series (BMW), Audi 80, Opel Rallye-Kadett, standardised alcohol testing (D), Peugeot 404 convertible, Glas V8, Fiat 124 saloon + Spider, Alfa Romeo Duetto (Spider), Toyota Corolla, Jensen (all-wheel drive car, GB), Lamborghini 400 GT 2+2 and Miura, Maserati Ghibli, Oldsmobile front-wheel drive, Glas -> BMW
1965
33
ct/l
41.000 filling stations (BRD), heavy utility vehicles may now weigh max. 38- instead of 32 tons (D), Audi with four-stroke engine (previously DKW 102), pedestrian operated traffic lights (D), first US front-wheel drive since the war (Oldsmobile Toronado), Ford Transit, Peugeot 204, Renault 16, Alfa Romeo GTA, Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow, Production stopped at Cisitalia, Auto Union -> VW
1964
33
ct/l
Mercedes 600, NSU TTS and Wankel Spider, Ford Mustang, Excalibur (US), the end of Facel, VW Mexiko, Honda-cars -> Europa, Honda -> formula 1, the end of Studebaker, replicas from Excalibur (US)
1963
33
ct/l
Flashers replace the 'finger' as an indicator, Porsche 911, Mercedes 600, Sport Prinz Spider (Wankel, D), the provisional end of Lagonda, the end of Standard, Maserati Quattroporte (four door), ISO Grifo (I), AC Cobra, Maserati Quattroporte, Lamborghini 350 GT (I), Aston Martin DB 5, Coventry-Climax -> Jaguar, Willys-Overland -> Kaiser (US)
1962
33
ct/l
Opel Kadett, BMW 1500, VW Variant, Alfa Romeo Giulia, Maserati 5000 GT, Renault 8, MGB, Lotus Elan, Jensen V8 (GB), Mini-car from Honda
1961
33
ct/l
8,8 Mio. vehicles, 5,3 million of those are motor cars (D), the end of Borgward (D), Mazda builts the rotary engine, NSU Prinz, Glas 1004, Jaguar E-Type, Austin Mini Cooper, Renault 4, the end of Borgward, VW Type 3, Amphicar (Trippel, D), Suzuki mini-car, six-lane motorway (D), Pinin Farina -> Pininfarina, Honda -> Europe
1960
34
ct/l
Heavy utility vehicles may now weigh max. 32- instead of 24 tons (D), new founding of BMW, BMW 700, MOT-sticker, Porsche Carrera 2000, Ferrari 250 GT, the end of Frazer Nash, the end of Austin Healey Sprite Mk 1, Daimler -> Jaguar (GB), the end of Elva and Armstrong-Siddely, Innocenti (I), Shanghai-motor car (China), Mazda builds cars, Yamaha builds boats/outboard engines, Mazda -> motor cars, De Soto -> Plymouth, approx. 75 million vehicle registrations (US)
1959
35
ct/l
BMW 507, Trabant (DDR), Mini (Alec Issigonis, British Motor Corporation), BMW 700, Mercedes with tail-fins, MGA (GB), De Tomaso (I), Chevrolet Corvair, Nissan builds sports cars
1958
35
ct/l
Automobile production: 1. USA (4,2 million), 2. D (1,3 million), UdSSR (125.000), Japan (51.000), China (1)
Central traffic offence register (Flensburg, D), new number plates (D), Federal Cartel Authority, Messerschmidt Cabin-Scooter, Trabant, DAF (Van Doorne, NL), Austin Healey Sprite, TVR (GB), Cosworth (GB), Honda Motor Company (J), Auto Union -> Daimler Benz, Aston Martin DB 4, the end of Packard, Nash disappears (American Motors, US), Subaru mini-car (J)
1957
37
ct/l
NSU Prinz, VW Karmann Ghia Cabrio, Ford Taunus 17M, NSU Prinz, 50 km/h speed limit in built-up areas (D), 5-day-week at VW, Jaguar XK 150, Lotus Seven (GB), Gordini -> Renault, Seat 600, Lancia Flaminia, Maserati 3500 GT, Cadillac Eldorado, Ford Edsel flopped out
1956
36
ct/l
Regionally sorted number plates (D), trucks max. 13 m, horse and trailer 14 m, double axle 12 t, triple axle 18 t, with trailer 24 t, 6 hp/t, trailer may not be heavier than the tractor, no truck-traffic on Sundays (D), -Einkommen DM 5575,-/Jahr (D), 1 million vehicles per year produced (D),Porsche Speedster, Zündapp Janus, Hebmüller -> Ford Köln, provisional end of Bugatti, Maserati 3500 GT, the end of Mors, Bentley Continental, TVR (GB), Volga (UdSSR),world-wide 100 million vehicles
1955
36
ct/l
Goggomobil (Glas, D), DKW 3=6, VW Karmann Ghia, BMW Isetta, four-stroke Lloyd (Borgward, D), Mercedes 190 SL, petrol 0,30 € (D), Citroen DS, Alpine (Redele, F), Elva (GB), MGA, Bianchi + Fiat + Pirelli -> Autobianchi, Austin Healey 100, Ford Thunderbird, music instrument manufacturer Yamaha builds motorcycles,Suzuki (J), Panhard-Levassor -> Citroen, the end of Kaiser, Ford becomes a corporation, 61 million cars on American roads
1954
36
ct/l
Dramatic increase of mineral-oil tax (D), Mercedes 180 D, 190 SL und 300 SL, the end of the Silberpfeil (Silver Arrow) era, Borgward Isabella, BMW 502, 'Parkograph' (parking meter) (DM 0,10, Duisburg, D), 2160 km of motorway (D), parking in New York DM 8/hour, Hotchkiss -> Delahaye, 50 million cars (GM, US), Alfa Romeo Giulietta, Facel Vega (F),Ford-France -> Simca, Delahaye -> Hotchkiss, Nash + Hudson -> American Motors, Suzuki Motor Company (J)
1953
36
ct/l
Prohibition of 2 trailers per truck, truck and trailer max. length, 20- instead of 22 m (D), Opel Rekord, VW do Brasil, Messerschmidt-Cabin-Scooter (D), Ford FK 1000,MG TF, Seat 1400 (E), Healey -> Austin, Chevrolet Corvette (GM, US), the end of Crosley, Triumph TR2, ISO (I), Gilera B 300 (I), motorcycles from KTM (A) and Suzuki (J)
1952
36
ct/l
Zebra-crossings (D), two-stroke direct petrol injection (Gutbrod, D), BMW 501, Ford Taunus 12m, Lotus (GB), Austin + Morris = British Motor Corporation
1951
36
ct/l
2,6 million vehicles, 0,7 million of those are cars (D), Federal Motor Transport Authority in Flensburg, IAA (Frankfurt), BMW 501, Mercedes 220 and 300, Universal Motor Gerät,Mercedes 300, Bosch und Gutbrod (, direct petrol injection), Porsche Cabrio, Fangio world champion driver (1954, 1955, 1956),Pegaso (E), Nash-Healey (US, GB), Honda -> four-stroke-motorcycle, world-wide 68 million vehicles
1950
32
ct/l
-Income DM 3280,- per annum (D), end of petrol rationing (D), VW-Transporter, DKW-Meisterklasse, Borgward Lloyd, gas-turbine-vehicle (Rover), Aston Martin DB 2, Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo, British Racing Motors, Lancia Aurelia, Moto Guzzi Galletto, vehicle-production 10/8 million (world/US), approx. 50 million vehicles registered (US)
1949
30
ct/l
DKW-production in Ingolstadt, VW-Beetle Cabrio (Karmann, D), Borgward Hansa, Rolls Royce Silver Wraith, the end of Isotta-Fraschini, Volvo 444, Saab 92 (Svenska Aeroplan, S), Seat (E), Moskvitch (UdSSR), Abarth (I), Ducati -> motorcycles, Honda -> motorcycles
1948 Michelin (steel-belted tyres, F), Nordhoff boss at VW, Goodrich (tubeless tyres, US), Porsche (40 PS), Citroen 2 CV, Ferrari 166, Jaguar XK 120 (GB), Landrover, Morris Minor, Aston Martin + Lagonda, Aston Martin DB 2 (GB), Lamborghini tractors (I), Holden -> GM (Aus)
1947 Ferrari 125 (street-vehicle), Renault 4 CV, Alfa Romeo 6C, Saab -> automobile production, Lambretta, Honda-mopeds (J), Bristol 400 (GB), Aston Martin DB 1 (GB)
1946 Mercedes 170 V, new founding of the ADAC, Panhard Dyna (F), Healey (GB), Ferrari, Vespa-Roller (Piaggio, I), Aprilia (Beggio, I), Bristol (GB), Gordini, Cisitalia, Street-Maserati GT, Kaiser (US), Nash 600, Ducati produces motorcycle engines
1945 MG TC, Matra (Mécanique Aviation Traction, F), SS Cars -> Jaguar, Augusta motorcycle factory (I), Bristol (GB), 24 Million cars on American roads, world-wide-vehicle population 34 million
1944 The end of Stoewer, Hispano-Suiza -> Pegaso
1941 The end of Maybach
1940 Army-Jeep (Willys, US), the end of BSA (GB), Ferraris first racing car (Auto Avio Construzioni, I)
1939 Hansa -> Borgward, Brown-Boveri (gas turbine), the end of Horch, Hanomag, Adler (D) und Aero (CH), Ford (Hunchback-)Taunus, prototype Citroen 2 CV, Morgan 4/4 (GB), the provisional end of the brand-name Audi, separation of Enzo Ferrari from Alfa Romeo, Lincoln V12
1938 Foundation of the Volkswagen-works (Wolfburg, D), Opel Kapitän/Admiral, 3.000 km of motorways (D), Deutz -> Klöckner-Humbold-Deutz, Peugeot 402 with Diesel engine, Saurer (turbo-Diesel-truck-engine, Ch), Talbot + Sunbeam (GB), Jensen (GB), Mercury (Ford, US), the end of Pierce Arrow
1937 Road traffic regulation, road traffic registration regulations (D), DKW-Sonderklasse, Opel bicycle production -> NSU, Opel Kadett, Lancia Aprilia, Saab (S), MG TA (GB), the end of Auburn, Cord and Duesenberg (US), US-motor industry 75% of the world-wide production
1936 Mercedes Diesel-motor car, Hanomag Diesel-motor car-prototype, BMW 328, the first modern refinery in Europe (Rotterdam, NL), petrol RM0,37 (D), Bugatti 57 C, Daimler Benz 260 D (Diesel-motor car), VW-Käfer prototypes, Opel (customer service school), Gordini (F), Jensen (GB), Fiat Topolino, four-wheel-vehicle (Morgan, GB), Polski-Fiat (FSO, PL), serial production-car (Toyota, J),the population doubles itself, approx. 24 million cars, 1/4,5 (US), approx. 1 million cars, 1/49 (D), 1/41 (B), 1/27 (Dk), 1/21 (GB), 1/103 (I), 1/19 (F)
1935 Opel P4 and Olympia (serial production-car with self-supporting coachwork), Großglockner (1st high-Alpine road), Mercedes 170 V, Rolls Royce with V12-Motor (GB), Parking meter (Oklahoma City, US), Raliant (US), Toyota-vehicles
1934 Automobile-trade journeywoman (Anneliese Schmidt, D), Mercedes 500 K and Silberpfeil (DB, D), the end of Brennabor (D), NAG -> Büssing, Citroen 7 CV, Puch + Steyr,Societé Industrielle de Mécanique et Carrosserie Automobile (F) (Pigozzi, F), the end of Lorraine-Dietrich, air-cooled V8-rear-engine (Tatra, CS)
1933 BMW-six cyl. in the 303, Plexiglas (Otto Röhm, D), Scuderia Enzo Ferrari, the end of Itala, OM -> Fiat, Toyota, Pontiac (GM, US)
1932 Auto-Union (Wanderer, Audi, Horch, (DKW), Fiat Balilla, the end of Ballot (F), V8-Ford, the end of Oakland, Datsun
1931 Ford works in Cologne Köln, Mercedes Typ 170, DKW Front-wheel drive 1, construction department Porsche, Hansa-Lloyd -> Borgward, Chrysler with a straight 8 cyl. engine, according to the number of units, GM is the worlds largest producer,Datsun, Mazda (small trucks and motorcycles), the end of De-Dion-Bouton, Innocenti (I), the end of Essex (US), Bentley -> Rolls Royce
1930 Peugeot 201, the end of Swift, Alfa Romeo nationalised, Carrozzeria Pinin Farina (Turin, I), GM-Holden (Aus)
1929 Number of motor cars since 1926 doubles (D), only 17 companies still offer 34 motor car models (D), Diesel engine for motor cars (Cummins, US), Maybach (D), BMW with Austin-Seven-licence, (Daimler +) Steyr + Puch, Morris Minor (GB), Opel -> GM, 19,7 million cars (US),Cord (US), Locomobile -> GM, GM, more than 23 million vehicles (US, every sixth)
1928 Eisenacher Motorenwerk -> BMW, Opel Rocket-car, Laurin & Klement -> Škoda, Aero (CH), De Soto (US), Austro Daimler -> Puch, Vauxhall -> GM, Plymouth (US), model A (Ford, US), Dodge -> Chrysler, new: Plymouth as an inexpensive Chrysler-sub-brand
1927 Mercedes Nüremberg, Dixi as an Austin-Seven-replica (Eisenacher Motorenwerk), production-line finishing at the Ford-assembly plant (Berlin, D), motorcycle manufacturing (NSU, D), the end of the model-T Ford after 15 Million units (Ford, US), 85 % closed vehicles (US), Volvo (S), special design-department (GM, US), De Dion, Bouton and Bellanger -> Peugeot, SS Cars (GB)
1926 Daimler + Benz, the end of the Stoewer-works and Rumpler, Hanomag 'Army-loaf', fuel price kg -> liter (D), 221 persons per car(D) - 5,7 persons per car (US), 72 % closed vehicles (US),working through a central tubular-frame and rear engine - later quarrels with Porsche (Barenyl, Wien), Tracta (F), Carozzeria Touring (I), Pontiac (1926)
1925 Ford-assembly plant in Berlin, GM-assembly plant in Hamburg, Hanomag 'Army-loaf ', the end of Spyker, Rhombus as a brand-name (Renault), Laurin & Klement -> Škoda (CS), 56 % closed vehicles (US), produktion record: 9.000 cars in 24h (Ford, US),Vauxhall -> GM, Bollee -> Morris, the end of the Silver-Ghost-production (Rolls Royce, GB)
1924 Introduction of the Gold Mark (D), 86 companies offer 146 car-models (D), solid-constuction of filling stations (D), changing traffic signal lights (Berlin, D), three-wheeled light-utility-vehicle (Borgward), Laubfrosch(Opel, D), Hanomag (D), MG (GB), Frazer Nash (GB), 43 % closed vehicles (US), Essex SIX (US), the end of Napier, Chrysler (US), Chevrolet -> GM
1923 Inflation reaches it's climax (D), truck with a Diesel engine (Benz-MAN, D), BMW-motorcycle, Triumph (GB), 34 % closed vehicles (US), Škoda, Tatra (CS)
1922 Bayrische Motorenwerke, Max. speed limit for motor cars 25 km/h (Berlin), Diesel-motor car (Peugeot-Tartais, F), Austin Seven (GB), Lancia Lambda, 30 % closed vehicles (US), Lincoln -> Ford
1921 IAA after the 1st World War, Maybach (D), Bremer radiator factory -> Borgward, Rumpler (D), 5 million cars (Ford, US), 22 % closed vehicles (US), Alfa Romeo in large numbers, Moto Guzzi, Benelli (motorcycles, I)
1920 Steyr (A), Lincoln Motor Company (US), Fina (B), Darracq -> Sunbeam-Talbot, Leyland, Alvis (GB), aircraft factory Augusta (I), Duesenberg (US), 17 % closed vehicles (US), Mazda (Hiroshima, J)
1919 Citroen (model A, F), Armstron-Whitworth + Siddely (GB), Lockheed (Hydraulic brakes, US), 6 million cars (US), 10 % closed vehicles (US), Bentley (GB), Ballot (F), Daihatsu produces cars
1918 OM (I), approx. 1 million (US), Chevrolet -> GM
1917 Nash (US), Mitsubishi-cars (J)
1916 DampfKraftWagen-works, Bavarian aircraft works (later BMW), price of the Ford Model T drops to $360.
1915 1 million cars (Ford, US), biggest German manufacturer produces just under 2.000 vehicles per year, Alfa -> Romeo
1914 Aston Martin (GB), Maserati brothers (I), Cadillac V8, Dodge as car manufacturer (US), 25.000 motorcycles, 55.000 cars, 9.000 trucks (D), DAT (later Datsun, J), Panama canal is opened (US)
1913 Production-line assembly at Ford (T-model, US), Morris (GB)
1912 Carozzeria Bertone (I), Beru (sparkplugs, D), electric starter in series (GM, US), Kwaishnsha Motor Car Tokio (Nissan)
1911 Wanderer (D), trademark-rights on the Mercedes-star, material laboratories and truck production (GM, US), Chevrolet, Stutz (US)
1910 Audi (August Horch, Zwickau), approx. 19.000 motorcycles and 33.000 other motor-vehicles (D), Società Anonima Lombarda Fabricia Automobili (Mailand, I), Morgan (GB), Hudson (US), Cadillac -> GM
1909 Motor-traffic laws (D), Bugatti (Molsheim, Elsaß), Cadillac -> GM (US), Willys-Overland (US), Hudson (US)
1908 Brennabor (D), Lancia-Automobile (I), General Motors (William Durant, US), AC (Weller, Portwine, GB), Ford Model T (950 Dollar), Willys (-Overland), Buick + Oldsmobile -> GM
1907 Deutz (Cologne), BSA (GB), Royal Dutch + Shell, Oakland (US), Svenska Kullagerfabriken AG (Göteborg,S), engines from Daihatsu (J)
1906 NSU produces cars, motor-vehicle tax particularly for large vehicles (D), Alfred Teves (D), Puch (A), Lancia (I), Austin Motor Company (GB), Rolls Royce Silver Ghost (GB), Laurin & Klement (CS)
1905 Hansa (D), Genfer Salon (CH), Lagonda (GB)
1904 Dixi (D), Itala (I), Hispano-Suiza (E), Rover (GB), vehicle with a combustion engine (Studebaker, US), Rolls + Royce, Rover (GB)
1903 Hotchkiss (F), Talbot (GB), Ford-Werke (Michigan, US), Harley-Davidson(US), Vauxhall, Standard (GB), Buick Motor Company (David Dunbar Buick, US), Birmingham Small Arms (GB)
1902 Tar as a road surface (Ernest Guglielminetti, CH), NAG, Mercedes Simplex, coachwork finishing at bei Karmann (Osnabrück, D), Cadillac Automobile Company (Henry Leyland, US), electro-mobile (Studebaker, US), travel report (Bierbaum, D)
1901 Mercedes (Daimler),Adler-motorcycle, NSU-motorcycle production (D), Olds Motor Works (Oldsmobile) build a car, Dodge as component supplier (US), Indian (Hendee, Hedstrom), Pierce Arrow, Studebaker (US)
1900 Approx. 12.000 Automobiles world-wide, Auburn (Eckart, US), Adler (D), Spyker (NL), Napier, Swift (GB), Isotta-Fraschini (I)
1899 Opel-patent-motor vehicles, August Horch & Cie, West German Benzol-sales union (1924 Aral), North-Eastsea-Canal, Sunbeam (GB), Peugeot (F), Frere Renault (F), Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (I), Austrian (Austro) Daimler engine company, Wartburg-automobiles, Dürrkopp (D), Sunbeam, Wolseley (GB), Norton (GB), Packard, Locomobile (US)
1898 Vehicles from Opel, Wartburg (D), "Motorwagen"-technical magazine, Riley (GB)
1897 Founding of the Central European Motor Vehicle Association, motor show (Berlin - Hotel Bristol), Stoewer (D), Shell Transport and Trading Company (Samuel, London), Bianchi (I), serial production of motorcycles (Gebr. Werner, Paris), Stanley (US)
1896 Vehicle factory in Eisenach (Ehrhardt, D), Daimler founded in Coventry, Goodrich (pneumatic tyre, US), Darracq (F), Experimental car (Ford, US), Daimler (utility vehicle, D),Taxi (Benz Viktoria, Greiner, Stuttgart), Daimler Motor Company (Lawson, GB), the end of the Red-Flag-Act (GB), Oldsmobile (US), serial production (Duryea, US), vehicle from Henry Ford (US)
1895 Mors (F), Laurin & Klement (CS)
1894 Delahaye (F), motorcycle (Hildebrandt, D), Michelin (F)
1893 Delivery of vehicles (Benz, D)
1891 Peugeot, Scania
1890 Royal Dutch, Daimler-engine company
1889 50 combustion engines from 20 manufacturers (World exhibition - Paris)
1888 Combustion engine-vehicle (Butler, GB)
1887 Adam Opel (bicycle production, D), serial production of combustion engines (Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Nürnberg), Panhard-Levassor (F)
1885 Wanderer, Benz (D), Bollee (F)
1883 De-Dion-Bouton (F)
1870 Number-plates on bicycles (D)
1873 NSU-Motorenwerke
1872 Gas-engine factory Deutz (Otto, Langen, D)
1871 Continental (Hannover, D)
1868 Light changing signal-system (traffic lights - London, GB)
1864 Combustion engine-factory (Otto, Langen, D), Magirus (Ulm, D)
1863 Adam Opel (sewing machine production, D)
1852 Studebaker (US)
1848 Machine construction Fischer (later Austro-Daimler)
1747 Development bridge and road construction (Paris, F)
12/11




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