Variable Valve Lift (mechanical)
|Higher air-speed at the less opened intake valve results in a more effective swirling in the partial load range.
In the petrol engine the throttle valve obstructs the free throughflow in the inlet port. It's throttle effect slightly reduces the full performance development and
especially the optimum efficiency. By doing away with the throttle flap, fuel savings in the partial load area of up to 10% are possible. It is
still used for certain operating conditions, otherwise it
is fully open. Of course now, exactly the same as in the Diesel engine, a vacuum pump must be installed for the power braking.
|Low friction through roller bearings
In the cylinder head, above the intake camshaft, there is a second shaft. This carries excentric cams, which can move the top center rotation point of the rocker arm to the right (in the
picture on the right) or to the left (in the picture on the left). Through a servo-motor with a worm drive the eccenteric shaft can be
moved a half a rotation. During full strain (e.g. full acceleration) it is in the position shown in the right picture. This enables the camshaft, to open the
intake valve to
a maximum (of nearly 10 mm).
In the left picture the idling position can be seen. The eccentric cams are positioned far to the left. The intake-camshaft can
only transfer a small amount of valve-lift (approx. 0,2 mm) through the rocker arm to the roller-cam-follower. The
arm is returned by a spring, which permanently presses the rocker arm against the inlet cam. 03/12
|A throttle valve may be still be present for the ...
|Vacuum crankase breathing
|Vacuum regeneration active carbon filter