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Video Multi-cylinder Engine
Video Inl. 2-cyl. 4-stroke
Video Inl. 2-cyl. 2-stroke
Video Opp. 2-cylinder
Video 2-cyl. V-engine
Video Inl. 3-cylinder
Video Inl. 4-cylinder
Video Opp. 4-cyl. 1
Video Opp. 4-cyl. 2
Video Inl. 5-cylinder
Video 5-cyl. V-Engine
Video Inl. 6-cylinder
Video 6-cyl. V-inline-engine
Video 6-cyl. V-engine
Video Opp. 6-cylinder
Video 8-cyl. Firing Order
Video 8-cyl. V-engine
Video 8-cyl.-V-Classic
Video V-8 Cylinder Block
Video V8 Turbo Engine
Video W-8 Cylinder Block
Video V-10 Cylinder Block
Video V-10 Diesel Engine
Video V-10 Porsche Engine
Video V-12 Engine
Video V-12 Cylinder Block
Video V-12 Ferrari Engine
Video W-12 Cylinder Block
Video W-12 Engine
Video Radial Engine
Video Rotary Radial Engine

Video Multi-cylinder 1
Video Multi-cylinder 2

          A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

In-line Four-cylinder Engine


While for cars the four cylinder in-line engine competes rather with the three-cylinder in-line engine, for two-wheeled vehicles, in general, the four cylinder in-line competes with the two-cylinder V engine of the same cubic capacity. Here the following basic advantages arise which can be given away in some cases of course by the manufacturers:
- higher rotary possibilities and power output due to smaller single cubic capacities,
- lower engine weight because of compact construction,
- large flow cross sections,
- well-balanced engine run due to more and better distributed ignitions.

How it works

The four cylinder in-line engine has the smallest cylinder number that avoids empty strokes completely if the engine features four strokes because always one cylinder is going through a power stroke. Thus this engine design combines a relatively low construction expenditure with a good power stroke distribution and a favourable mass balance and occurs still most often.

The two outer pistons move in opposite direction to both internal pistons. The cylinder opposite the force delivery side is mostly named the 1st cylinder. The firing orders are 1342 (figure on top) and 1243, where always the 1st and 4th are fixed. The crankshaft features with very old engines 2, with older 3 and with all new 5 main bearings.The vertical movements of the engine are compensated. However, the different connecting rod deflections each generate rotary oscillations which can be reduced, e.g., by equalizer shafts. 05/08               Top of page               Index
2001-2015 Copyright programs, texts, animations, pictures: H. Huppertz - E-Mail
Translator: Don Leslie - Email:

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