One of the reasons of equipping a vehicle with a SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) catalyst might be to avoid a closed particulate filter. Additionally, there is no threat of clogging. Perhaps even more importantly, the manufacturer wants to limit the nitrogen oxides, which are formed especially during a relatively high combustion temperature in the engine. If it is possible to remove the nitrogen oxides well-aimedly afterwards, it might not be necessary to pay too much attention on this problem while designing the engine. A relatively high temperature of the combustion through a higher compression or boost pressure makes the engine more economical. However, the expenditure for the additional substance to be re-filled remains.
|AdBlue-fluid level: duty of notification on the dashboard|
How it works
Fulfilling the truck Euro 5 exhaust emission codes is quite a challenge. Auxiliary tanks with 150 - 220 litres of volume (see picture) might be needed at gas stations until the introduction of a new infrastructure. The complete engine is being checked regarding its compression, firmness (engine mount, crank gear), air/fuel mixture and sealing. What kind of miraculous potion is it that eliminates all our Diesel emission problems at once? It is clear, odourless, and not toxic. Its name is AdBlue, and it consists of one third urea and two thirds of water. It is added to the exhaust gases beyond the engine, just before the SCR-catalyst. It should be added in a ratio of 4 - 6 percent of the consumed Diesel fuel.
|Diesel saving should more than compensate Adblue effort ...|
Actually, you need for this ammonia, which would be pure too dangerous. Now it is created from the urea by 'catalytic hydrolysis', in order then to reduce the nitrogen oxides. Big particles are burned in the same process, too. And as is used here no NOX storage catalyst you also need not to pay attention to the sulfur content in the diesel.
In addition to this complex solution it will continue to exist systems with small tanks. These arefilled for long intervals from the workshop and after each refueling added to the diesel fuel in a correspondingly small proportion. It must not always be a urea-water mixture. There are other solutions, e.g. on Fe base. Unfortunately, the control is still inadequate for all these systems. Two questions are unanswered so far: what happens if the auxiliary tank is empty, yet the driver keeps on going? Or if pure water instead of AdBlue is added?
|Too high value (e.g. NO X): from certain length of time no longer deletable.|