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  First Ford Motor 1903

First Ford engine
Displacement1.976 cm³
Engine controlsv
Valves2 per cylinder
CoolingPump circulation
Maximum power7,3 kW (10 SAE-HP)
Yeard of manufacture1903/1904

This was the first engine of the Ford Motor Company, which was founded in 1903. It was not the first engine, Henry Ford built. He had not even built it, but 'only' created the construction plan, according to it the brothers John and Horace Dodge should build it together with the complete mechanism for the model A for $ 250.

Henry Ford had already some experience with engines and the flowed in this construction. So far he had built in-line two-cylinder engines, also larger with considerably more power. This here is a boxer engine, although more complex but also guarantees much less vibration. If it has no balance shaft, so the (four-stroke) in-line two-cylinder is not suitable as drive for four-wheel vehicles even today not.

Ignoring once the tank rear left and the reservoir for the coolant, so will indeed be noticed the size of the engine. Amazingly, nevertheless the Model A only weighs nearly 600 kg. It is also apparent, the relative simplicity of construction, the characterised subsequent constructions of Ford. It was by no means filigree, but therefore almost all parts were clearly visible in their functionality.

There's the silvery shining crankcase, with which are screwed together the two black cylinders. Prior to that the powerful coolant pump whose pipes leading to each of the both cylinders. Below each of the two cylinders, the side valves. At least one of them, namely, the exhaust valve is driven by the camshaft below the crank mechanism. The valve springs are outside.

At the top the brass container with the 'central lubrication'

Left the updraft carburetor, which is supplied from the tank with gasoline which falls. What falls, you do not need to pump. It in turn passes on the air-fuel mixture to both cylinders. Above the carburetor is recognizable even the spark plug with the porcelain body. However, not the connection to the ignition control at the front end of the camshaft. 08/13

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