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          A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Fiat Topolino









Fiat Topolino
EngineIn-line four-cylinder
Displacement569 cm³
Bore * stroke52 * 67 mm
CrankshaftTwo-times bearing
Compression6 : 1
Engine controlSide valves, camshaft with chain drive
Mixture formationCarburetor without fuel pump,
later diaphragm pump
ConsumptionApprox. 5 - 6 liters/100 km
Tank capacity22 liters, electrical gas meter
Max. power9,6 kW (13 HP)
Rated speed4000 rpm
CoolingThermosyphon, cooler behind engine
TransmissionFour-speed, 3. synchronised
Axle drivePlay adjustable from outside
DesignFront engine with rear drive
BodyFrame, body
Front suspensionTransverse leaf spring, transverse arm, tubular demper, hydraulical
Rear suspensionRigid axle, leaf spring
lever dampers, later tubular dampers
SteeringWorm-segment-steering
Tyres4,00 - 15 (2,5")
Foot brakeDrums, hydraulical
Hand brakeKardan shaft
Top speedApprox. 85 km/h
Years of manufacture1936 - 1954
VersionsFour-seater, roller roof,
enlarged and open versions
also with wooden frame
Electric system12 V, starter, wiper, signal horn


It is considered one of the milestones in automotive history. In 1936 the Topolino (the little mouse) is brought to the world and one actually is surprised that this car for only two people with little luggage could find such demand. It is more famous than its successor, the Fiat Nuovo 500. The design is probably so fundamental for that time that it from many other car companies either is copied (eg by Panhard) or taken over in license (eg Simca).

The car do not attract attention by special technical innovations. It starts his career neither with a self-supporting body nor top-controlled engine. Its rolling roof has to be opened fully to make place for a third person. The Topolino has only one tail light. The essence of it is probably the new role it takes, to be a car for many and not just for some privileged. Let there be no misunderstanding, its technique is definitely up to date. All windows are made of safety glass. The four drum brakes can be controlled hydraulically. Also the shock absorbers operate hydraulically. The roof is made of steel and the car has even a 12V system.


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Translator: Don Leslie - Email: lesdon@t-online.de

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