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Fiat
History
2015 Tipo
2015 500
2015 Doblo
2014 Panda Cross
2014 Ducato
2014 500 Cult
2012 500 L
2011 Freemont
2011 Panda
2010 Punto Evo
2008 Florino
2007 500
2003 Panda
2001 Doblo
1999 Multipla
1999 Punto
1995 Barchetta
1994 Cinquecento
1993 Punto
1991 Panda
1981 Panda
1976 126
1974 131 Mirafiori
1972 126
1972 132
1972 X 1/9
1971 127
1969 130 Coupe
1969 130
1969 124 S
1969 128
1967 125
1967 124 Coupe
1967 Dino Coupe
1966 124 Spider
1966 Dino Spider
1966 124
1966 1100
1965 850 Spider
1965 850 Coupe
1964 850
1962 1500 GT
1964 1500 C
1962 1500
1960 770
1957 Puch 500
1957 500 Nuova
1957 1200
1955 600/Multipla
1952 8V
1952 1900 B
1949 1100 E
1949 Topolino
1939 508 C
1934 Balilla Sport
1933 Ardita
1932 Balilla
1927 520
1918 52 B
1912 12-15 HP Zero
1908 Mephistopheles
1907 130 HP
1906 110 HP
1903 16/20 HP
1902 24 HP
1902 12 HP
1899 3 1/2 HP


  Fiat 500



Fiat 500/600
EngineIn-line two-cylinder
Displacement479/594 cm³
Bore * stroke66 * 70 mm
Compression6,55 : 1
Cylinder headAluminum
CrankcaseAluminum
CrankshaftTwo bearings
Engine controlOHV
CoolingBlower with thermostat
LubricationPressure circulation, centrifugal filter
Performance10 kW (13,5 PS)
Rated speed4000/min
Drive chainRear engine (longitudinal) with rear-wheel drive
TransmissionFour-speed unsynchronized, 1st gear as sliding transmission
Fuel consumptionApprox. 4,4 - 5,2 l/100 km
Car bodySelf-supporting
Length2950 mm
Width1320 mm
Height1325 mm
DoorsSince 1965 front door hinge
Wheelbase1840 mm
Suspension (in front)Transversal leaf spring, lateral arm
Suspension (rear)Double joint-swing axle,
coil springs
Brakes f/rDrums, self-adjusting
Tyres125 - 12 (3,5")
Fuel tank capacity22 Liter
Kerb weight500 kg + driver
Maximum speedApprox. 85 km/h
Purchase price3390 DM (without heating)
Electrical installation12 V/32Ah, 230 W,
solenoid switch replaced by cable pull
Years of construction1957 - 1975
ModelsEstate car (Giardinera) with horizontal engine


It comes as a dwarf, but there are at the time of its creation 1957 eg with the Goggomobil and Isetta even smaller cars. Its name is actually 'Nuova 500', because his predecessor, the external larger Topolino, even Fiat 500 was called. After it follows the Fiat 126, with which it shares up to last in principle the engine. The great advantage of the two-cylinder in the rear is its four-stroke principle with very low fuel consumption, the disadvantage a running behavior similar to a single cylinder. Because the pistons of a two-cylinder four-stroke engine make as opposed to two-strokes always the same movement. Therefore this model has also the speficic characteristic, that its tuning versions as from Steyr Puch the engine completely rebuild and start with a boxer engine.

For years the Fiat 500 prevails as yardstick in the running costs. It is at this point not to defy. One must up to its starting behavior at low temperatures but grant it a certain reliability. On power-weight ratio you may read the possible, rapid acceleration. What the technical data do not show is the uniqueness with which you can go in curves with the Cinquecento. One has the feeling of sitting on the rear axle and able to turn at right angle. But the slightly rear-heavy vehicle is really not ill-natured. Many tuners, giving the car a much more powerful engine achieve in this almost unrivaled curb weight sports successes also in comparison to much higher-powered cars.

The design aim of the 'New' can be as successor to the Topolino explained quite well. This was indeed larger, but could carry only two people in the normal version. Its construction dates from the period just before the Second World War. Now the supply is at risk. Steel is rationed in whole Europe. Nevertheless the transportation problems have become larger. Therefore a design develops with a compromise between maximum interior space and the lowest possible metallic bodyshell.



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