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Audi
History
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History DKW 1
August Horch 1
1873 NSU History
Bernd Rosemeyer
2015 Vienna Motor Symposium

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2015 Prologue
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2014 4,0 V8 TFSI
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2014 RS Q3
2014 A1
2014 A6
2014 A3 Sportback e-tron
2014 Le Mans Victory
2014 S1
2014 TT SUV Concept
2014 TT
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2014 R18 e-tron
2013 A3 Sportback g-tron
2013 A8
2013 RS7 Sportback
2013 A3 Sedan
2013 S3 Sportback
2012 Q5
2012 RS 5
2012 A4 Sportback
2012 A3 Sportback
2012 A3
2011 A1 Sportback
2011 RS 3
2011 Q3
2011 A5 Coupe
2011 Q5 Hybrid
2011 A6 Avant
2010 A1
2010 A6
2010 A7
2010 A8
2009 A5 Sportback
2009 R8 Spider
2008 Q5
2008 A3 Cabrio
2007 Audi A5
2006 R8
2006 R8 Drivetrain
2006 TT
2006 S3
2005 Q7
2005 R 10 TDI
2005 RS 4
2004 A6
2003 A3
2002 R8 Race version
2002 A8 4-wheel-autom.
2000 Allroad quattro
2000 A2 3-l-car
1999 A2
1999 TT Roadster
1998 R8R
1998 TT
1996 Lamborghini
1996 A3
1991 Audi 100 C4
1991 Cabrio
1982 Audi 100 C3
1980 Audi Quattro
1976 100
1974 Audi 50
1972 Audi 80
1970 100 Coupe
1969 Audi 100 Cabrio
1968 Audi 100
1967 Ro80 engine
1967 NSU Ro 80
1967 NSU TT
1967 NSU TTS
1966 60/Super 90
1965 F 103
1964 DKW F12 Roadster
1964 DKW F 102
1963 DKW F 12
1961 Auto Union 1000S
1959 Junior
1956 DKW Monza
1956 DKW Munga
1953 DKW F 91
1952 NSU Max
1950 DKW F 89
1949 DKW Transporter
1938 Audi 920
1936 Horch 851
1934 Auto Union C-type
1933 W 22
1932 Auto Union
1930 DKW F 1
1928 Wanderer 10/II
1926 Horch 303
1924 Audi E 21/78
1914 14/35
1913 Wanderer 5/12
1913 Horch 8


Audi







1859Johann Baptist Winklhofer (Wanderer) is born.
1868August Horch (later Audi) is born.
1873What is later known as NSU-factory founded as knitting machine factory.
1878Jörgen Skafte Rasmussen (DKW) is born.
1885The mechanics Winklhofer and Jaenicke found a business (later Wanderer).
1886NeckarSUlmer manufacture bicycles.
1887Rudolf Slaby is born.
1896August Horch enters the Benz company as a young boy.
1897Horch designed at Benz the first two-cylinder in-line engine (Contra motor).
1898August Horch leaves the company Benz.
1899Horch founds his own business in Cologne.
1901First vehicle leaves Horch workshop. Start of motorbike production at NSU.
1902Rasmussen founds OHG (accessories for steam engines), first Wanderer-motorbike
1903NSU makes use of self-developed engines.
1904Horch-factory moves to Zwickau and becomes a stock corporation.
1906NSU manufactures cars. Rasmussen's factory (DKW) is partly transferred to Zschopau.
1909Horch leaves the old business, and founds a new company with the name Audi.
1911Also cheaper cars are assembled at Audi, the Tourist-Trophy (motorbike) is won.
1913Four-stroke vehicles from Wanderer. Slaby is appointed manager of the new founded development department of the Daimler-factories. NSU-motorcycles perform very well in racing.
1915Lorries and war accessories are manufactured at NSU.
1916Rasmussen starts with the development of a steam powered vehicle.
1918Rasmussen ceases the development of a steam powered vehicle, but the (German) name remains (DampfKraftWagen). Instead he signs a contract with Ruppe about designing two-stroke engines.
1920Serial production of bicycles with auxiliary engines starts at DKW.
1921Restart with motorcycle production after the War I at NSU, three new car-models and lorries.
1922In Zschopau the (DKW) motorcycle production starts.
1926The electrical vehicle by DKW, NSU, and Schebera (body company).
1927DKW-two-cylinder motorcycle with 500 cm³, 9 kW (12 HP)
1928DKW P15 open, for two persons with additionally two emergency seats. Cooperation between NSU and Fiat. Joint sales with Wanderer.
1929The Zschopauer Motorenwerke (DKW) become the biggest motorcycle producer in the world. Fiat obligates NSU to stop producing cars.
1930Improved sales department, training for the staff and first two-stroke engine at NSU.
1931Vehicles with front wheel drive
1932Parts of NSU merge with the Deutsche Industriewerke.
1933The first three VW Beetle prototypes of Porsche are built at NSU.
1936NSU takes over Opel's bicycle production, first NSU-Quick.
1939Streamlined body developed, but due to the start of the war not in production.
1940During the war NSU manufactures amongst motorcycles mainly a small and agile track-laying vehicle with Opel-engine.
1945The factories in Sachsen are lost.
1946Start of bicycle-production at NSU.
1948NSU wins the German motorcycle title
1949The factory in Sachsen is renamed: VEB-Fahrzeugbau Zwickau
1950Lambretta-Scooter with NSU two-stroke engine.
19518 motorcycle-worldrecords (NSU).
1952Drag link drive for the camshaft (NSU) and parallel-twin with DOHC and vertical shaft drive
1953NSU-Quickly (50 cm³) as successor of the Quick. NSU World champion in two series. Auto Union offers the three-cylinder two-stroke engine in the West (3=6).
1954NSU wins the Tourist Trophy and again manages to become World champion in two series.
1955NSU biggest motorcycle producer in the world. Private driver Müller wins with NSU series-world championship.
1955NSU holds all world records for motorcycles.
1957NSU starts building cars again (Prinz) and evolution of the rotary piston motor.
1958Auto Union enlarges engine to 1000 cm³.
1963NSU: German mountain-master-champion of all series (Prinz), as well for the next two years.
1963NSU-Wankel-Spider, NSU-series win Rallye Monte Carlo, bicycle production ceases.
1964NSU Prinz 1000 TT with 40 kW (55 HP)
1965Auto Union renamed Audi, Audi 72 with four-stroke medium pressure range engine (before DKW F 102)
1966The motorcycle production at NSU stops, as well as DKW-models.
1967NSU Ro 80 with rotary piston engine, NSU 1200 TT with 48 kW (65 HP), 1000 TTS with 51 kW (70 HP)
1968Audi 100, NSU Ro 80 car of the year, problems with the rotary piston engine at NSU.
1972Audi 80 as first series production car with diagonal split of the dual-circuit brake and negative steering offset.
1973Audi 80 adopted as VW Passat.
1974Audi 50.
1975Audi 50 adopted as VW Polo.
1976Second Audi-100-generation
1977Audi 100 Avant, last Ro 80
1978Second Audi-80-generation, VW-Iltis (German Armed Forces) build at Audi.
1979Audi 200 with (charged) five-cylinder
1980All-wheel-drive of the Iltis leads to Audi Quattro
1982Racing-series-World Championship
1983General permission for catalyst
1984Permanent all-wheel-drive for all Audi-models, again Racing-series-World Championship, triple success at Rallye Monte Carlo
1985Fully galvanised 100/200 models
1986Audi 80 (third generation), also fully galvanised
1987Order for Porsche 924, German Racing Master Championship by private driver
1988Audi 90, Coupe and V8, Audi-100-manufacturing in China, American Manufacturing-Mastership
1989Audi 100 with diesel direct injection, record of a prepared version with 1,76 l/100 km at 60 km/h average, various successes in racing (USA)
1990Audi Coupe Quattro S2, winner of the German Touring Masters (Stuck)
1991Audi 100 (third generation) optional six-cylinder, winner of the German Touring Masters
1992Audi S4 as well with eight-cylinder, aluminum-coupe-study with mid-engine, twelve-cylinder study
1993Upper class with V8-diesel engine
1994Audi A8 with aluminum-body, Audi A4, factory for engines in Hungary
1995Audi TT as coupe and roadster, Italian Series-Master Championship
1996Audi A3, A8 and S6 plus with 4,2-Liter-V8, Series-Master championship in 7 countries, taking over Lamborghini


If you look at the history of Audi, it is certainly a peculiar company. In 1909 it is founded by August Horch as a counterpart to his original company. Employees follow him to the new company, whose name originates from the dispute over naming rights. Horch in Latin, on this idea one has to come.

The company takes quite well the initial difficulties where sports successes even and just at this time are already very important. The problem is that their products are always will stand in the shadow of the Horch-makes. August Horch takes good care of the company in the early years, but then takes supraregional duties in connection with the subject car.

Maybe there are now not enough people watch out for the company. Because the economy is in bad condition, in Germany even more than elsewhere in Europe. Banks force a merger and Audi threatens to be crushed within the Auto Union between Horch and Wanderer. Thereby the products are good. As technological innovation the front-wheel drive from DKW will be highly developed beginning of the thirties.

In the Third Reich, the German car manufacturers are doing well by tax advantages and extensive subsidies. The 'Silberpfeile' (Silver Arrows) of both Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union will be world famous and Audi can develop to a respectable manufacturer of middle to upper-class models. However, this ends with the outbreak of World War II.

After the war, Audi, Horch and Wanderer remain disappeared, because the vast majority of production facilities were in the East. Only DKW still represents the colors of the Auto Union. Unfortunately, in vain, for one remains, despite all the progress otherwise, at the two-stroke engine. The company gets to the bankruptcy estate, is first bought by Mercedes-Benz as the unloved daughter. After all, here arises a for the time modern four-stroke engine.

Then VW is busy with the Auto Union (DKW) and just dragged out the name Audi, disdained the Wanderer and the Horch. No, first of all, Audi is probably not intended as a competitor in the luxury class. One has hard to fight in Ingolstadt for its opportunities within the group but turns out also as technically pretty innovative.

In contrast to the parent company VW, the threatens to suffocate straight at their antiquities. What is better than a technology transfer. Also not few staff sequentially change to Wolfsburg, until today e.g. three board chairmen. Sometimes the parent even takes away something and then reclaims it as own invention, for example, the fabulous direct diesel injection for cars.

But in Bavaria, one has more than one idea and also the potential for series production. This begins with the petrol five-cylinder, include the small revolution of permanent all-wheel and aluminum technology. The subsidiary is increasingly becoming a sister, gets even with Lamborghini his own subsidiary and should compete in the upper class with the two top dogs. Meanwhile, it has one of both even more than overtaken ... 01/12

Car Components

Two-stroke engine supercharged
NSU-drawrod engine
Ro80-rotary engine
Alu-body
Front drive (longitudinal)
Double clutch gearbox
Chain-CVT gearbox
LEDs
Body-tuning
Audi dashboard
Audi intake manifold
Torsen-differential
Steering swivel axis
All-wheel drive with automatic transmission









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