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History DKW 1
August Horch 1
1873 NSU History
Bernd Rosemeyer
2015 Vienna Motor Symposium

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2000 Allroad quattro
2000 A2 3-l-car
1999 A2
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1998 R8R
1998 TT
1996 Lamborghini
1996 A3
1991 Audi 100 C4
1991 Cabrio
1982 Audi 100 C3
1980 Audi Quattro
1976 100
1974 Audi 50
1972 Audi 80
1970 100 Coupe
1969 Audi 100 Cabrio
1968 Audi 100
1967 Ro80 engine
1967 NSU Ro 80
1967 NSU TT
1967 NSU TTS
1966 60/Super 90
1965 F 103
1964 DKW F12 Roadster
1964 DKW F 102
1963 DKW F 12
1961 Auto Union 1000S
1959 Junior
1956 DKW Monza
1956 DKW Munga
1953 DKW F 91
1952 NSU Max
1950 DKW F 89
1949 DKW Transporter
1938 Audi 920
1936 Horch 851
1934 Auto Union C-type
1933 W 22
1932 Auto Union
1930 DKW F 1
1928 Wanderer 10/II
1926 Horch 303
1924 Audi E 21/78
1914 14/35
1913 Wanderer 5/12
1913 Horch 8


Audi (F 103)
EngineIn-line four-cylinder
Displacement (bore * stroke)1695 cm³ (80,0 mm * 84,4 mm)
Compression ratio11,2 : 1
LubricationPressure circulation, 4 litres
Torque128 Nm at 2000-3500 rpm
Performance53 kW (72 HP) at 5000 rpm
Drive trainLongitudinal engine with front drive
TransmissionFour-speed, synchronized, column gear change
Wheelbase2490 mm
Turning circle11.300 mm
Front axleWishbones, torsion bar suspension
Rear axleTorsion cranks, torsion bar suspension
Brakes f/rDiscs/drums, hydraulically (single circuit)
SteeringGear rack
Tyres6.45 - 13 (4,5")
Length4380 mm
Width1626 mm
Height1461 mm
Payload417 kg
Kerb weight1013 kg + driver
Tank capacity53 litres
Maximum speedApprox. 150 km/h
Purchase priceFrom 7,690 DM
Years of manufacture1965 - 1968

If we had shown you the rear- and interior view of a DKW F102, you would only have recognised it by looking at the name-plate. Is the first Audi built after the war actually a DKW with a different radiator grill? Of course it isn't. While the DKW, as the last in a long chain of ancestors, enjoyed an established position, the Audi was a car between two worlds. This was also reflected by its characteristics.

It is no longer a DKW, because the Auto Union, to which DKW belonged, was taken over in 1958 by Daimler-Benz and in the meantime, the usual two-stroke engine had been replaced by a four-stroke unit. It then no longer belonged to Mercedes either, because they sold out to VW. Only then did VW rename Auto Union DKW into Audi. Apparently, a four-stroke engine bearing the DKW trademark, was just not possible.

However, the car did not belong to VW for long enough. Thus, we are shown it, with an exceptionally successful basic concept, indeed, somehow it lacked finesse. E.g., it was not described as having a normal four-stroke engine, but somewhat pompously, as having a 'medium-pressure engine', so as to latch onto the thrifty Diesels. It's compression ratio amounted to a, for premium petrol very impressive 11,2:1, which however, did not correspond to the middle-value between 9:1 (premium petrol engines) and 23:1 (Diesel engines of that time).

The heavy engine increased the tendency to understeer ...

It should actually, have turned out to be a throttled engine, with all sorts of swirling tricks in the intake area. Indeed, that was not the case. Instead, it seemed to simply pull its performance out of the hat. Indeed, the fuel-saving qualities were also not what the new description promised. Compared with the two-stroke engine of its predecessor however, it was an enormous step forward.

The drive-influence on the steering was very noticeable.

Apparently, there was simply a lack of fine-tuning. The heavier engine did nothing to make the car more agile and the thus harder damping, didn't make it any more comfortable either. Obviously, after an euphoric start, Mercedes appeared to lose interest in this car. Indeed, the developer who was responsible, Ludwig Kraus, would remain with Audi and would lay the corner stone for a development which would make the Daimler company regret the decision to sell out. 04/15

What would have become of VW without Audi?