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  Chemistry 3




Previous page

1
H
2
He
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
55
Cs
56
Ba
57-
71
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Rn
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pl
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
87
Fr
88
Ra
89-
103
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
Bh
108
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Uut
114
Fl
115
Uup
116
Lv
117
Uus
118
Uuo


These are the inert gases. Their name is derived from the fact that they have the property, of not reacting with any other element. On the outside shells of their atoms all the places are occupied by electrons, a special status in the periodic system. We can perceive inert gases then, when a current flows through them and they light up in the most wonderful colours. This occurs because the current-flow causes their molecules to oscillate. Apart from Argon, they are relatively seldom.

Although it could be slotted in well at the end of the periodic system, the last natural occurring element was only discovered at the end of Mendelejew's creative period. This is the radioactive Radon. In the automotive field, apart from being used for lighting purposes, inert gases are also used as shielding gases. In this case, e.g., as far as welding is concerned, they prevent other atmospheric gases from reaching the weld. 03/13


Helium


Neon


Argon


Krypton


Xenon


Radon


Ununoctium



If the atomic core was the size of a cherry, the entire atom would be as big as the Cologne Cathedral.

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