|Driver side||Impact steering wheel|
|Passenger front||Impact dashboard|
|Backrest/B-column||Impact door, side panel|
|Roof||Kinking of the head, impact side windows|
|Edge front seats||Dive below the seat belt|
|Rear-seat-backrest||Impact rear window|
|Dashboard low||Impact knee|
|Pedals driver||Feet getting caught|
|Hood tilt up||Pedestrian injuries|
|Front seat-back rest||Impact of the rear passengers|
|Inflatable seat belts||Incise, improved clinging|
|Outside front||Impact too harsh for pedestrians|
|Motorcycle||Impact to larger vehicle|
|Head, ribs, and lungs are protected|
The side airbag should protect the upper part of the body with lateral impact. Without it the ribs are often squeezed in such accidents, endangering with it the lungs. Also the hips are protected, not as much though.
Figure 1 additionally shows a released head-airbag for front and rear passengers. One's head would be banged on the door or the side window and endure unacceptable accelerations/decelerations. Meanwhile
there are head airbags for the rear window.
|At least two sensors trigger air bag in seat back.|
The side-impact airbag can be accommodated in the B pillar. Because of shortage of space, however, it is mostly placed in the seat back where air bag and gas generator are surrounded by a plastic case. To avoid
an inadvertent release, the air bag control device always takes into account at least two sources. On the one hand a direct recognition sensor for the side impact and then the sensors for the front impact which can
recognise also lateral accelerations and/or an accident generally.
|Window surface air bag, head protection also for convertibles|
-Generally, head air bags are accommodated at the side in the roofing. From there they often cover the complete lateral window surface (figure 1). However, especially for convertibles they can be also accommodated
in the seat back and open the air bag upwards. As you can recognise from the table on top, the development of newer applications in this area does not come to an end so far.
If your vehicle features side-impact airbags, seat covers are not admitted if they are not equipped with special lateral openings. But, in the meantime, also here there are side-impact airbag suited solutions. 08/10