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Wheel change
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Wheel Positions
Change Wheels

History-Suspension 1
History-Suspension 2
History-Suspension 3
History-Suspension 4
History-Suspension 5
History-Suspension 6
History-Suspension 7

Damper 1 - generally
Damper 2 - single-tube
Damper 3 - notch
Damper 4 - double-tube
Damper 5 - piston
Damper 6 - electronic
Damper 7 - Magnetic Ride
Damper 8 - test
Damper 9 - test
Damper 10 - repair
Damper 11 - history

Steering 1 - generally
Steering 2 - city mode
Steering 3 - track rod
Steering 4 Rack Pinion
Steering 5 - ratio
Steering 6 - var. ratio
Steering 7 - by wire
Steering 8 - ball
Steering 9 - worm roller
Steering 10 - hydraulic
Steering 11 - hydraulic
Steering 12 - pump
Steering 13 - torque
Steering 14 - electric
Steering 15 - electric
Steering 16 - safety
Steering 17 - history

Four Wheel Steering 1
Four Wheel Steering 2
Four Wheel Steering 3

Steer. Wheel 1 - generally
Steer. Wheel 2 - buttons
Steer. Wheel 3 - lock

Undercarriage 1
Undercarriage 2
Electr. Stab. Program
Dry Joint
Suspension control 1
Center of Gravity
Oblique/lateral drift angle
Elk Test
Transversal Axis
Suspension Carrier
Below View
Adj. suspension
Wheel Bearing 1
Wheel Bearing 2
Wheel Bearing 3
Wheel Bearing 4

Ind. pulse sensor
Wheel sensor 1
Wheel sensor 2

Stabilizer 1
Stabilizer 2
Stabilizer 3
Double-wishbone 1
Double-wishbone 2
Double-wishbone 3
McPherson Strut 1
McPherson Strut 2
McPherson Strut 3
McPherson Strut 4

Trailing Arm
Twist-beam Rear Axle
Space Arms
Multilink Axle
Semi-trailing Arm Axle
Rear-wheel Drive
Air suspension truck
Electr. Stab. Program
ABS/ESP-Hydr. Unit
One-arm Swing. Fork
Formula-3 Racing Car
Pend. Wheel Suspen.
Torson Crank Suspen.
Rigid Axle 1
Rigid Axle 2
Rigid Axle 3
Rigid Axle 4
Rigid Axle 5

DeDion Axle 1
DeDion Axle 2
Self steering axle
Track rod joint
Coil Spring 1
Coil Spring 2
Coil Spring 3
Leaf Spring
Torsion Bar Spring
Rubber Suspension
Hydropn. Suspension
Air Suspension 1
Air Suspension 2
Spring systems
Electr. Air Suspension
Tyre Calculation
Inch -> mm
Axle Load Distrib.
Payload Distrib.
Roller Resistance 2

Wheel suspension 1
Wheel suspension 2
Suspension 3
Suspension 4
Suspension 5
Suspension 6
Suspension 7
Suspension 8
Suspension 9
Suspension 10
Suspension 11
Suspension 12
Suspension 13
Suspension 14
Wheels 1
Wheels 2
Wheels 3
Wheels 4
Wheels 5
Wheels 6
Wheels 7
Wheels 8
Wheels 9
Wheels 10
Wheels 11
Wheels 12
Wheels 13
Suspension 1
Suspension 2
Suspension 3
Carriage 4
Suspension 5
Steering 1
Steering 2
Steering 3
Steering 4

Damper 7 - Magnetic Ride

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Variable viscosity changes of damper oil

The above figure can only insufficiently depict the special properties of damper liquid. There are also, by no means, only two switching states, a variable control is also possible. There are magnetic particles, smaller than one hundreth of a millimeter, which play a deciding role. The fluid itself is no longer based on oil, but has a synthetic structure. Additional substances provide for the maintainance of the qualities which ensure a long damper life.

Electro-magnetism generates a circulatory interference

The magneic coil which is connected by conduits to the control device, is more important for the diagnosis of possible faults. This can build up a magnetic field, which reduces the viscosity of the damper fluid, because in the direction of the magnetic field-lines, chains are formed, which decisively hamper the flow.

More simple throttle construction, comfortable in case of emergency

As a rule, hydraulic dampers have a device which controls the various rebound- and compression stages. In this case, they are not necessary, because, in a matter of milli- seconds the circulatory resistance can be altered by the bore holes in the piston. This is possible during the transition from compression to rebound, either on both sides or on only one side. Probably, the simple throttle borings now remaining in the damper piston, are adapted to the emergency situation in case of a system collapse. Some care should be taken, because this is the most comfortable sdjustment.

Magnetic coil sensor and actuator in one, the rest through the CAN-Bus

For the time being, as far as sensor systems are concerned, all that's needed is a selector switch. The control device can be given the information concerning the spring-compression on the axels from the light-range regulation. In addition, at least the yaw-rate and the lateral acceleration information is added. The sub-dividing between the sensors and the actuators becomes a little mixed up in this system, because the magnetic coil, through electric current, is also used to determine the temperature. 01/08

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