Imprint Contact 868 Videos
900.000 Callings



Formulary
Exercises

Wheel change
Save Energy
History


Video Mineral Oil 1
Video Mineral Oil 2
Video Mineral Oil 3
Video Mineral Oil 4
Video Mineral Oil 5
Video Mineral Oil 6
Video Mineral Oil 7
Video Mineral Oil 8
Video Mineral Oil 9
Video Mineral Oil 10

Video Fuel
Video Characteristics of fuels
Video Fuel Filter
Video Fuel Tank
Video Fuel vapours
Video Petrol 1
Video Petrol 2
Video Knock Resistance
Video Ethanol 1
Video Ethanol 2
Video Hydrocarbon
Video Diesel Fuel 1
Video Diesel Fuel 2
Video Wrong fuel
Video Cetan number
Video Sun Fuel
Video Biologic Diesel Fuel
Video Vegetable Oil Fuel
Video Fuel Cooling
Video Fuel Preheating
Video Sel. Catal. Reduction
Video Liquef. Petroleum Gas
Video LPG conversion 1
Video LPG conversion 2
Video Opel Corsa LPG 2007
Video Natural Gas
Video Natural Gas Running
Video Air
Video Methanol Operation
Video Nitrous Oxide

Video Fuel 1
Video Fuel 2


          A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  Ethanol 2









Previous page

Ban on Diesel-powered motor cars in Brasil ...

If you're looking for an example of the widespread use of Ethanol today, then take Brasil. There, it is mandatory, that at least 25% Ethanol must be mixed into their fuels. Almost 90% of all new vehicles run on mixture made up of 95% Ethanol and water, which is made from sugarcane. This is an enormous promotional program, to get them away from using crude oil. Oddly enough, it was in Brasil that an alliance between six mineral oil companies was drawn up, which guarantees the State 40% of the income from the off-shore deep-wells.

Even the spark plugs must be protected ...

Ethanol is not as uncomplicated as e.g., petrol. This is why all the parts of the injection system that come into contact with Ethanol, have to be specially protected when a high percentage is used. Pure Ethanol (E100), can also be used at temperatures of -15C to start an engine, without the help of petrol. Then however, it has to be heated, for example, by glow-plugs in the distributor pipe. The controlling of an Ethanol system also appears to be more difficult.

Cellulose-Ethanol from wood ...

Another point to consider, is that Ethanol has a great future ahead of it, since at the moment, it's the only liquid fuel made from renewable sources. It's effectivity also shows good results as far as the converting the amount of energy necessary for the production, into mechanical energy is concerned. What still has to be done, is a consensus has to be found, between the production of Ethanol and the production of foodstuffs.

EU-Ethanol-production has increased sevenfold in 5 years.

The way that Ethanol behaves with water is also interesting, this also influences the mixture of premium petrol and Ethanol. If the mixing ratio between Ethanol and water amounts to 96,5- to 3,5 Vol%, then the common boiling point is around 78C. Substances having the same boiling point cannot, e.g., be separated through distillation. A little more than 4 Vol%, that is the amount of water that the hygroscopic Ethanol takes on, if it gets the chance.

Basically, Ethanol should be water-free at the filling station.

Should Ethanol and premium petrol be mixed, the latter is not mixable with water. One can e.g., determine whether there is (too much) water in the tank, a distinction can easily be made by dribbling it onto a paper filter. So, the petrol does not take on any water, the Ethanol does, in both E10 and E85. If both E10 and E85 are sated with water and then mixed together, water can even be diverged because together with the mixing, the solubility is altered. 10/13

Basically one could remove water from the tank with E85.

Indeed, even a one-off contact with Ethanol has a lasting corrosive effect.





cartecc.com               Top of page               Index
2001-2015 Copyright programs, texts, animations, pictures: H. Huppertz - E-Mail
Translator: Don Leslie - Email: lesdon@t-online.de

Our E-Book advertising